Category: Methods

How to remove Scientific Notation in R

How to remove Scientific Notation in R, To disable scientific notation in R, use the following methods: The examples below demonstrate how to utilize each of these strategies in practice. Method 1: As a...

How to Add Text to a Plot in R

In base R, the text() function can be used to add text to a plot. The following is the fundamental syntax for this function text(x, y, “my text”) where: x, y: The text should...

How to calculate proportion in a table

Calculate proportion in a table, To determine the value of each cell in a table as a proportion of all values, use the prop.table() function in R. The following is the fundamental syntax for...

How to Calculate a Bootstrap Standard Error in R

Bootstrap Standard Error in R, Bootstrapping is a technique for calculating the standard error of a mean. The following is the basic procedure for calculating a bootstrapped standard error. Model Selection in Machine Learning...

Confidence Intervals Explained

A confidence interval (CI) is a set of numbers that most likely contains the value of an unknown population parameter. Given the properties of your sample data, these intervals represent a realistic domain for...

Predictive Analytics Models in R

Predictive analytics models are crucial in the fields of data science and business analytics, and they have a big impact on a lot of different business operations. Depending on the data amount in terms...

Markov Chain Introduction in R

The Markov chain is used to explain even the most complex real-time events. Markov chain is used in some form by speech recognition, text identifiers, path recognition, and many other Artificial Intelligence systems. In...

Monte Carlo Analysis in R

Monte Carlo analysis in R, If there’s one probability trick you should know, it’s how to write a Monte Carlo simulation. You can write a Monte Carlo simulation if you know how to program,...

Stock Market Predictions Next Week

Stock market predictions next week, let’s go right to the point; for the sake of illustration, we’ll choose one stock at random. Take a look at the “A” price data. During the trading day,...

Convert column to categorical in R

In R, as.factor is used to convert a column to a categorical variable (). Let’s look at an example of how to convert column type to categorical in R. Let’s start by making the...